Kenneth Anderson is a professor of law at Washington College of Law, a visiting fellow of the Hoover Institution, and a nonresident senior fellow of the Brookings Institution. He writes in areas of international law, laws of war and weapons law, drone warfare and legal aspects of counterterrorism, and most recently, with co-author Matthew Waxman, on autonomous weapon systems. He is the author of Living With the UN: American Responsibilities and International Order (2012); his most recent book, with Benjamin Wittes, is Speaking the Law: The Obama Administration's Addresses on National Security Law (2015).
Gary Brown is Professor of Cyber Security at Marine Corps University, Quantico, Virginia. Previously he served as Head of Communications and Congressional Affairs for the Washington Delegation, International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC); he was with the ICRC from 2012- 2015. Prior to joining the ICRC, he served 24 years as a judge advocate with the United States Air Force. Colonel Brown's Air Force career included two deployments to the Middle East, one of which was a year at the Combined Air Operations Center, Southwest Asia as the senior lawyer advising on combat air operations in Afghanistan and Iraq. In his final military assignment he was the first senior legal counsel for U.S. Cyber Command, Fort Meade, Maryland, where he served for three years.
Colonel Brown frequently speaks on cyber operations law and policy, and has authored several articles related to cyber warfare, including "Easier Said Than Done: Legal Reviews of Cyber Weapons," Journal of Nat'l Security Law & Policy (2014) (coauthor), "Why Iran Didn't Admit Stuxnet Was an Attack," Joint Forces Quarterly (2011) and "On the Spectrum of Cyberspace Operations," Small Wars Journal (2012) (coauthor). He was the official U.S. observer to the drafting the Tallinn Manual on the International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare (2013), and is a member of the International Group of Experts drafting the second edition of the Tallinn Manual. He has a law degree from the University of Nebraska and an LL.M. in international law from Cambridge University.
Rebecca Crootof is a Ph.D. in Law candidate at Yale Law School and a Resident Fellow with the YLS Information Society Project. Her work focuses on how international law evolves and its role in American law and policy, with specific consideration of how regulation can channel technological development to promote socially desirable goals. Crootof's primary areas of research include international law, torts, law and technology, foreign affairs and national security law, the law of armed conflict, and international human rights law; she has also written on or taught U.S. constitutional law, statutory interpretation, disability rights, and fair housing law.
Maj Gen Charles J. Dunlap, Jr., USAF (Ret.) is the Executive Director of the Center on Law, Ethics and National Security at Duke Law School, where he is also is a Professor of the Practice of Law. He received his undergraduate degree from St. Joseph's University (PA), and his law degree from Villanova University. Prior to retiring from the military in June of 2010, General Dunlap assisted in the supervision of more than 2,500 military and civilian attorneys worldwide. His 34-year career included tours in both the United Kingdom and Korea, and he deployed for military operations in Africa and the Middle East. A distinguished graduate of the National War College, General Dunlap is the author of more than 100 publications, and speaks frequently on a wide variety of topics including law of armed conflict issues, cyberwar, drones, civil-military relations, ethics, military justice, and a phenomena he calls "lawfare". He is on the Board of Advisors for the Center for a New American Security and the Foreign Policy Research Institute. He is a guest contributor to the Just Security, Lawfare, and War on the Rocks blogs.
Claire Finkelstein is the Algernon Biddle Professor of Law and Professor of Philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania and the Director of Penn's Center for Ethics and the Rule of Law. She has published in the areas of criminal law theory, moral and political philosophy as applied to legal questions, jurisprudence, and rational choice theory, and more recently in the area of national security and just war theory. She is the co-editor of Targeted Killings: Law & Mortality in an Asymmetrical World (Oxford University Press, 2012) and Cyberwar: Law and Ethics and Virtual Conflicts (Oxford University Press, 2015), and the editor of Hobbes on Law (Ashgate, 2005). She is currently finishing a book entitled Contractarian Legal Theory.
Shane Harris is an author and journalist who has written extensively about intelligence and national security. His new book @War: The Rise of the Military-Internet Complex explores the frontlines of America's new cyber war. (Eamon Dolan/Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2014) Shane's first book, The Watchers, tells the story of five men who played central roles in the creation of a vast national security apparatus and the rise of surveillance in America (Penguin Press, 2010). The Watchers won the New York Public Library's Helen Bernstein Book Award for Excellence in Journalism, and the Economist named it one of the best booksof 2010. Shane is the winner of the 2010 Gerald R. Ford Prize for Distinguished Reporting on National Defense. He has four times been named a finalist for the Livingston Awards for Young Journalists. Shane is currently a senior correspondent at The Daily Beast, where he covers national security, intelligence, and cyber security. He is also a fellow at New America.
Duncan B. Hollis is Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and James E. Beasley Professor of Law at Temple Law School. His scholarship focuses on issues of authority in international and foreign affairs law, asking who exercises authority in the formation, interpretation and application of international law, and who is it that has the authority to apply such law to, or for, national actors. Hollis has focused on treaties and cyberspace as the key subjects for his studies of authority. He is the editor of the Oxford Guide to Treaties (OUP, 2012) which was awarded the 2013 ASIL Certificate of Merit for high technical craftsmanship and utility to practicing lawyers. His cyber-related research studies international law's role in regulating cyberthreats and the future of cybernorms. He is part of a team headed by research scientists from MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) that was awarded a three-year U.S Department of Defense Minerva Grant for inter-disciplinary analysis of existing norms of behavior and governance in cyberspace. Professor Hollis's scholarship has appeared in various books and journals, including the Texas Law Review, the Southern California Law Review, the Harvard Journal of International Law, the Virginia Journal of International Law, and the Berkeley Journal of International Law. Professor Hollis is a regular contributor to the premier international law blog, Opinio Juris. His expertise on treaty issues has been sought or used by all three branches of the federal government as well as several international organizations. He is an elected member of the American Law Institute and serves as an Adviser on its project to draft a Fourth Restatement on the Foreign Relations Law of the United States.
Michael C. Horowitz is an associate professor of political science and the associate director of Perry World House at the University of Pennsylvania. He is the author of the award-winning book The Diffusion of Military Power: Causes and Consequences for International Politics. His research interests include military innovation and the future of war, forecasting, the role of leaders in international politics, and the relationship between religion and conflict. He spent 2013 working for the Office of the Undersecretary of Defense for Policy in the Department of Defense. He is a senior fellow at the Foreign Policy Research Institute and a non-resident senior fellow at the Center for a New American Security (CNAS, where he co-directs the CNAS Ethical Autonomy Project. His work has been published in many popular outlets and academic journals. He has held fellowships at the Weatherhead Center at Harvard and the Olin Institute at Harvard. He received his PhD from the Department of Government at Harvard University and his BA in political science from Emory University.
Sean Kanuck was appointed as the first National Intelligence Officer (NIO) for Cyber Issues in May 2011. The NIO leads the US Intelligence Community (IC) in cyber analysis, directs the production of National Intelligence Estimates, and represents the IC on cyber issues when briefing the White House and testifying before Congress.
Mr. Kanuck previously served in CIA's Information Operations Center, as an Intelligence Fellow with the National Security Council, and on the US delegation to the UN Group of Governmental Experts on international information security. He is a professional attorney whose academic publications focus on information warfare and international law. He holds degrees from Harvard (A.B., J.D.), the London School of Economics (M.Sc.), and the University of Oslo (LL.M.).
Tom C.W. Lin is an Associate Professor of Law at Temple Law School. His research and teaching interests are in the areas of corporations, securities regulation, financial regulation and emerging financial technologies. His scholarship has been published and cited by many leading law journals. Additionally, Professor Lin and his research have been noted by the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, The Wall Street Journal, Bloomberg News, and The Financial Times. Prior to entering academia, Professor Lin practiced law at the New York State Office of the Attorney General and Davis Polk & Wardwell in New York City. He holds a B.A., magna cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa, from New York University, and a J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Law School, where he was an Arthur Littleton Fellow.
Duncan MacIntosh, PhD (Toronto, '86), is Professor of Philosophy and Chair of the Philosophy Department at Dalhousie University (firstname.lastname@example.org). He has published on intransitive preferences and procrastination, needs as bases of moral entitlements, self-ownership in Libertarianism, the reasons of rational persons, the structure of ideal moral codes, scientific realism, the rational evaluation of preferences and the relationship between rationality and morality. Much of his work concerns the implications of practical and moral paradoxes like the Prisoner's Dilemma and the Deterrence Paradox for the structure of agency, commitment and value. As a regular participant in the new think tank, The Center for Ethics and the Rule of Law at the University of Pennsylvania , he has begun writing on the challenges to the rule of law occasioned by terrorism. Accordingly he has been thinking about the intelligibility and justification of secret laws, the proper boundaries of sovereignty, military and non-military responses to terrorism, defense industry ethics, and the possibility and advisability of the automation of war fighting and law enforcement.
Michael W. Meier joined the Department of State as an Attorney-Adviser with the Office of the Legal Adviser, Political-Military Affairs, in June 2009. His portfolio includes the Arms Export Control Act and issues associated with the sale and transfer of defense articles and defense services, international agreements, International Humanitarian Law issues, and arms control and arms trade agreements, such as the Ottawa Convention, the Convention on Cluster Munitions, and the Arms Trade Treaty. Mr. Meier also serves as the United States Head of Delegation to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons (CCW). Prior to joining the State Department, Mr. Meier served a military career as an Army Judge Advocate that began when Colonel (Ret.) Meier entered active duty in 1986 until his retirement in August 2009. Mr. Meier earned a B.B.A. degree from Midwestern State University, a J.D. degree from the St. Mary's University, a LL.M. in Taxation from Georgetown University, a LL.M. in Military Law from The Judge Advocate General's School, and a M.S. in Strategic Studies from the United States Army War College.
Sasha Radin is the Editor-in-Chief of International Law
Associate Director of Research at the Naval War College's Stockton
Center. Her previous positions include Research Associate at the Asia
Pacific Centre for Military Law at Melbourne Law School, Researcher
and Outreach Coordinator in the International Humanitarian and
Criminal Law Department of the T.M.C. Asser Institute in the Hague,
the Netherlands and work involving research, monitoring overseas
trainings, organizing conferences and frequent travel within Belarus,
the Netherlands, Russia and Ukraine. She is a doctoral candidate at
the Asia Pacific Centre for Military Law at Melbourne University Law
School (Organized Armed Groups under International Humanitarian Law),
has an LL.M. in International Law from Amsterdam University and a
B.A. in Slavic Studies from Harvard University.
Rob Ramey is Deputy Legal Advisor for the ICRC's Regional
Delegation for the
United States and Canada. In this capacity, he advises the delegation
on legal and policy matters related to the mission of the ICRC. His
particular focus areas include the conduct of hostilities, regulation
of weapons and related technologies, including the increasing focus on
autonomous weaponry, uses of private security companies,
air/space/cyber law, uses of the ICRC emblem, and military doctrine.
Rob joined the ICRC in June 2015 after retiring from the U.S. Air
Force in the grade of Colonel. While in uniform, he served at
assignments in the United States, Canada, Turkey, and Germany. His
duties have included criminal defense and prosecution, JAG School
instructor, and frequent lecturer to thousands of attorneys and other
military professionals on numerous topics of international and
operations law. In his most recent assignment, Rob served as
Director, Air Force Operations and International Law.
Paul Scharre is a Senior Fellow and Director of the 20YY Future of Warfare Initiative at the Center for a New American Security. From 2008-2013, Mr. Scharre worked in the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) where he played a leading role in establishing policies on unmanned and autonomous systems and emerging weapons technologies. Mr. Scharre led the DoD working group that drafted DoD Directive 3000.09, establishing the Department's policies on autonomy in weapon systems. Mr. Scharre also led DoD efforts to establish policies on intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance programs and directed energy technologies. Prior to joining OSD, Mr. Scharre served as an infantryman, sniper, and reconnaissance team leader in the Army's 75th Ranger Regiment and completed multiple tours to Iraq and Afghanistan.
Bryant Walker Smith is an assistant professor in the School of Law and (by courtesy) in the School of Engineering at the University of South Carolina. He is also an affiliate scholar at the Center for Internet and Society at Stanford Law School, a faculty affiliate of the Rule of Law Collaborative, chair of the Emerging Technology Law Committee of the Transportation Research Board of the National Academies, and a member of the New York Bar.
Bryant's research focuses on risk (particularly tort law and product liability), technology (automation and connectivity), and mobility (safety and regulation). As an internationally recognized expert on the law of self-driving vehicles, Bryant taught the first-ever course on this topic and is regularly consulted by government, industry, and media. His publications are available at newlypossible.org.
Before joining the University of South Carolina, Bryant led the legal aspects of automated driving program at Stanford University, clerked for the Hon. Evan J. Wallach at the United States Court of International Trade, and worked as a fellow at the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development. He holds both an LL.M. in International Legal Studies and a J.D. (cum laude) from New York University School of Law and a B.S. in civil engineering from the University of Wisconsin. Prior to his legal career, Bryant worked as a transportation engineer.
Paul A. Walker is Counsel to the Commander, Fleet Cyber Command/10th Fleet, where he practices the cyber aspects of contracts, fiscal, business and intelligence law. Paul previously served in cyber and intelligence law billets with the Navy Office of the Judge Advocate General; U.S. Cyber Command; DoD General Counsel; and Office of Naval Intelligence. Paul teaches Cyber Threats and Security at American University, teaches cyber law of war, national security aspects of cyberlaw, and cyber intelligence law in courses at National Defense University. Paul graduated from the U.S. Naval Academy, has a Masters in International Studies from Old Dominion University, his Juris Doctor from William & Mary Law School; and his Master of Laws degree in National Security and U.S. Foreign Relations Law from the George Washington University. Prior to attending law school, Paul was a U.S. Navy pilot and intelligence officer.
Sean Watts is a Professor at Creighton University Law School. He is assigned as an Attorney Advisor to the United States Strategic Command in his capacity as an Army Reserve Judge Advocate. He is also a Senior Fellow at the Cooperative Cyber Defence Center of Excellence in Tallinn, Estonia. From 2010-2012 he participated in the production of the Tallinn Manual on International Law Applicable to Cyber Warfare (Cambridge University Press). He is currently participating in a project to expand and update the Tallinn Manual. He recently served as a defense team member in Gotovina et al. at the International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia. Prior to teaching, Professor Watts served as an active-duty U.S. Army officer for fifteen years in a variety of legal and operational assignments, including service as a tank platoon leader and company executive officer in a tank battalion.