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By Jaya Ramji-Nogales

Welcoming Olga Martín-Ortega

It's our great pleasure today to welcome Dr. Olga Martín-Ortega (right) as an IntLawGrrls contributor.
Olga is a Reader in Public International Law at the University of Greenwich in the United Kingdom. She holds a law degree from the University of Sevilla in Spain, and received her Ph.D. cum laude in International Human Rights Law from Spain's University of Jaen.
Prior to joining Greenwich, she was Senior Research Fellow and member of the Management Team at the Centre on Human Rights in Conflict, School of Law and Social Sciences, University of East London.
Olga conducts research in the areas of business and human rights, post-conflict reconstruction and transitional justice. Her latest research has focused on the impact of the activities and working methods of multinational enterprises in conflict zones and peacebuilding and transitional justice in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Spain.
Her introductory post today draws lessons from the experience of Bosnia and Herzegovina in multilevel international justice efforts to address war crimes.
Olga is a founding member of the London Transitional Justice Network and the European Society of International Law Interest Group on Business and Human Rights.
Among her publications are: a monograph, Empresas Multinacionales y Derechos Humanos (2008); three co-edited volumes, Peacebuilding and Transitional Justice on the Ground: Victims and Ex-Combatants (2012), Peacebuilding and the Rule of Law in Africa (2010), and Surviving Field Research (2009); and two co-authored textbooks, International Law (2009) and War, Conflict and Human Rights (2009).
Heartfelt welcome!

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Welcoming Jill Goldenziel

It's our great pleasure to introduce Dr. Jill Goldenziel (left) as an IntLawGrrls contributor.
Jill is a Lecturer at Harvard College and the Boston University School of Law, teaching courses in International Law, International Human Rights, and the Law and Politics of the Middle East. She holds a Ph.D. and an A.M. in Government from Harvard University, a J.D. from the NYU School of Law, and an A.B. from Princeton University. Jill was previously a Climenko Fellow and Lecturer on Law at Harvard Law School, a Fellow of the Center for Migration and Refugee Studies at the American University of Cairo, and a Fellow of the American Center for Oriental Research in Amman, Jordan. She is a speaker for the U.S. Speaker and Specialist Program of the U.S. Department of State.
Jill's introductory post below draws on her article forthcoming in the American Journal of Comparative Law in order to discuss judicial independence in Egypt.
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Welcoming Sarah Houlihan & Katherine Romero

It's our great pleasure today to welcome as IntLawGrrls contributors Sarah Houlihan and Katherine Romero, attorney and senior attorney, respectively, in the Bogotá office of the NGO Women’s Link Worldwide.
Sarah Houlihan
► Sarah works primarily on sexual and reproductive rights within Latin America and Africa. She is an Irish qualified barrister, and practiced before the Superior Courts in Ireland before moving to Colombia.
Sarah completed legal internships with the Office of the Prosecutor, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, and in judicial chambers at the U.S. District Court in Charleston, South Carolina. She holds an LL.M. in International Human Rights Law from the University of Nottingham, as well as a degree in Corporate Law with German, and a postgraduate degree in law from the National University of Ireland, Galway. Sarah recently completed a Diploma in Human and Women's Rights: Legal Strategies for Advocacy at the University of Chile Centre for Human Rights.
Katherine Romero
► Katherine began work with Women’s Link in 2005, in the field of sexual and reproductive rights. She is part of the legal team on LAICIA, a litigation project that worked toward the 2006 liberalization of abortion law in Colombia. Since 2010, Katherine has directed the sexual and reproductive rights program in Latin American and Africa. She is also an occasional speaker for the Inter American Institute of Human Rights.
Katherine graduated with a joint degree in law and political science from the University of the Andes in Bogotá, and holds a Masters in Human Rights Protection from the University of Alcala de Henares, Madrid, Spain. In 2009, Katherine was a visiting attorney at the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.
In their introductory post below, Sarah and Katherine discuss the legal underpinnings of a model aimed at addressing high maternal mortality rates, particularly in the context of deaths from unsafe abortion. The post is drawn from their co-authored report, Maternal Mortality, Unsafe Abortion and the Harm Reduction Model: the Legal Platform.
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Welcoming Julia Chamberlin

It's our great pleasure today to welcome Julia Chamberlin (right) as an IntLawGrrls contributor.
Julia is a third-year law student at the University of Utah S.J. Quinney College of Law in Salt Lake City.  For the past five months, she has been an intern at the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia at The Hague, Netherlands, where she works in the Office of the Prosecutor on the Ratko Mladić team.
In conjunction with Utah Law Professor Amos N. Guiora, Julia is writing an article addressing the harm that polygamy causes to children. Julia's introductory post below focuses on a paper that she and Guiora have co-authored, concerning harms to women caused by religious extremism.
(credit for circa-1955 photo)
Julia dedicates her post to the civil rights pioneer Rosa Parks (prior posts), pictured at left with Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. In Julia's words,
'Rosa Parks so eloquently stated: “I'm tired of being treated like a second-class citizen.” Our paper addresses women relegated to the back of the bus, and no formative female figure more aptly defied her subjugation than Rosa Parks.'
Today Parks joins the many inspiring women honored on IntLawGrrls' list of transnational foremothers.
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Welcoming Charlesworth, Chinkin & Wright

We at IntLawGrrls are delighted to welcome comments from Hilary Charlesworth, Christine Chinkin, and Shelley Wright.
Today the three offer comments to wrap up our month-long series reviewing the impact of their ground-breaking article, "Feminist Approaches to International Law," 85 American Journal of International Law 613-645 (October 1991).
Hilary Charlesworth
► We've already had the pleasure of introducing Australian National University Law Professor Hilary Charlesworth as an IntLawGrrls contributor, and have welcomed numerous posts relating to her and her work.
► Christine Chinkin is Professor of International Law at the London School of Economics and a barrister. In 2005, she and Hilary won the American Society of International Law's Goler T. Butcher Medal "for outstanding contributions to the development or effective realization of international human rights law."  An Overseas Affiliated Faculty Member at the University of Michigan, Christine also has been a Visiting Professor at Columbia University and Australian National University.
Her publications cover a broad range of fields and topics, from human rights and women's rights in particular to international criminal justice to international dispute resolution to the laws of occupation. She is inter alia a co-editor of The UN Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women: A Commentary (2012), which IntLawGrrl Lisa R. Pruitt reviewed in this IntLawGrrls post, and a co-author of The Making of International Law (2007).
Christine Chinkin
Christine's activities, which are too numerous to list here, include being an Editor of the American Journal of International Law and a member of the Advisory Board for the Leiden Journal of International Law, the European Journal of International Law, and the British Yearbook of International Law.  Christine has been a consultant on gender issues for many organizations, including Amnesty International, the Council of Europe, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the Peruvian Truth and Reconciliation Commission, the UN Development Program, the UN Division for the Advancement of Women, and the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights. She has also been a member of the Kosovo Human Rights Advisory Panel and the UN Human Rights Council Fact-Finding Mission to Gaza.
Shelley Wright left Australia and the University of Sydney in 2002 to take up the Northern Directorship of the Akitsiraq Law School – a law degree program offered to Inuit students in Iqaluit, Nunavut. All but one of the graduates of this program were women. She was in the Arctic, where she's pictured below, for almost 3 years.
Shelley then moved down to Vancouver, Canada, where she is Chair of the Department of Aboriginal Studies at Langara College. In Shelley's words:
'Although I still have a strong interest in women's issues, this has been overtaken to some extent by a major interest in Aboriginal rights both within Canada (including especially Inuit) and internationally. I am no longer focusing primarily on international law or feminist perspectives, but instead incorporate all these interests into teaching courses in Aboriginal Studies (including Global Indigenous Perspectives and Aboriginal Women in Canada as well as other courses) and my current research project on the Arctic and climate change.
Shelley Wright
'The continuing interest in the work that Hilary, Chris and I did changed our lives as well as helping to change the direction of thinking about what seemed to us at the time the last bastion of male privilege in law – international law. In many ways it still is of course, but in other ways international law has changed dramatically, not only in better recognizing women's issues but also the perspectives and rights of Indigenous peoples and other vulnerable groups. I credit my own feminist background in helping make it easier for me to see the differing perspectives of Indigenous peoples, although in many ways Aboriginal women's issues and feminism are not always a comfortable fit.'
In their joint post below, Hilary, Christine, and Shelley discuss the making of their article and reflect on the piece 21 years after its publication.
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