Temple Law Logo TU Portal

Topics

Latest News

By Jaya Ramji-Nogales

Welcoming Aoife O'Donoghue

It's our great pleasure today to welcome Dr. Aoife O'Donoghue (left) as an IntLawGrrls contributor.
Aoife has been a lecturer at Durham Law School since 2007.  She specializes in public international law, with a specific interest in international governance. Aoife's current research focuses on international constitutionalization and the legal structures that have developed within international law to regulate governance.
Aoife received her Ph.D. from the University of Groningen in the Netherlands; her dissertation examined the constitutionalization of international law. Aoife earned her bachelor's degree from University College Cork, and completed an LL.M in International Law at City University, London.
With another IntLawGrrls contributor, Dr. Máiréad Enright, now of Kent Law School, Aoife is a Co-Director of the Irish Feminist Judgments Project. Aoife is also co-convenor of the Law and Conflict at Durham research cluster.
In her introductory post below, Aoife continues our series reflecting on the twenty-first anniversary of the publication of Feminist Approaches to International Law, which Hilary Charlesworth, Christine Chinkin, and Shelley Wright published in the American Journal of International Law.
Heartfelt welcome! 

Via IntLawGrrls

View Story

Posted Under :

October Treat: Celebrating Feminist Approaches to International Law by Charlesworth, Chinkin & Wright

(1st in a series celebrating "Feminist Approaches to International Law")

It's IntLawGrrls' great pleasure today to kick off a celebration of the 21st anniversary of "Feminist Approaches to International Law." This seminal article by Hilary Charlesworth, Christine Chinkin, and Shelley Wright was published by the American Journal of International Law in its October 1991 issue.
Just as we at IntLawGrrls honor our transnational foremothers in order to draw attention to women's oft-overlooked contributions to international law and policy, this month we celebrate the crucial role that this article has played in opening up space for women's voices in the international arena.
Over the next few weeks, we will welcome posts from several leading female international law scholars, each of whom will reflect on Feminist Approaches and its impact on her work.  Our list of participants includes IntLawGrrls contributors Doris Buss, Fiona de Londras, Sari Kouvo, and Fionnuala Ní Aoláin.  We also welcome a new IntLawGrrl, Aoife O'Donoghue and will end the series with a contribution from the article's authors, Charlesworth, Chinkin, and Wright.  We begin the celebration today by offering a couple of thoughts on the article's ongoing contribution to the field of international law.
In Feminist Approachesawarded the 1992 Francis Deák Prize by the American Society of International Law – Charlesworth, Chinkin, and Wright set forth numerous valuable critiques of international law and organizations. Here we focus on 2:
► Rendering women's perspectives visible in international law; and
► Promoting diversity of women's voices.

Visibility
Though we've made progress on both counts, women's work, to these ends, is not done. Despite substantial female interest and talent in the field, international law has long been dominated by male voices. There remains today a gender gap in the American international legal academy.
One measurement worth considering is women's leadership and participation in the American Society of International Law.
Early on, ASIL rejected applications from women like Belva Ann Lockwood, the 1st to argue before the U.S. Supreme Court, and Jane Addams, who would go on to win the Nobel Peace Prize. (Both have been honored as IntLawGrrls foremothers.) The Society admitted women as members in 1920, just as the 19th Amendment guaranteeing women's vote took effect.
A half-century later, Dr. Alona Evans (left) – a Wellesley professor who, as previously posted, was the 1st woman elected to the AJIL board and would become ASIL’s first woman president – published an article in a 1974 edition of AJIL. In it, she and her co-author, Carol Per Lee Plumb, assessed women's involvement in the Society. Their findings:
From 1943 to 1973, women constituted 6% to 7% of ASIL’s annual membership. During this period, there were only 2 female officers of the Society. From 1960 to 1973, only 21 women in total presented talks at the Society’s annual conference. From 1927 to 1973, women published only 30 articles in the AJIL, and in 1974 only 2 of the Journal’s 24 editors, or 8%, were women.
By way of comparison, IntLawGrrls' current findings:
As of 2012, according to the most recent information available on the Society's website, 27 out of 63, or 43%, of the its Executive Council are female. Since 1974, of 20 ASIL Presidents, 4, or 20%, have been women. (They include an IntLawGrrls contributor, Lucy Reed.) Seven of 25, or 28%, of the editors of AJIL are currently female. At this year’s annual conference, we counted 101 women presenting talks. In short, women have moved, from invisible to somewhat visible, within the Society and its principal publication. 
The gender consciousness raised by Feminist Approaches and the literature that followed has inspired efforts to increase gender diversity at ASIL and elsewhere in the field of international law.  But we've yet to attain full equality.
We resist in particular the “pink ghetto” phenomenon that attaches to certain subfields of international law. (It's a concern about which IntLawGrrls contributor Leila Nadya Sadat wrote a thoughtful article in the special issue of the International Criminal Law Review that IntLawGrrls edited last year.) While many of us research and write in the areas of international criminal law and international human rights law, we note that, like many women in the field, these are not our only areas of specialization. IntLawGrrls blog boasts female experts in fields ranging from military law to international investment and trade law, to international legal theory.  As with gender representation at ASIL, we've seen progress in the form of greater inclusion of female voices at international law conferences in a variety of subfields, but gender gaps persist.
 
Diversity
We also aim to extend international legal discourse beyond American voices.
As Charlesworth, Chinkin, and Wright note in Feminist Approaches:
'[A] diversity of voices is not only valuable, but essential, and . . . the search for, or belief in, one view, one voice is unlikely to capture the reality of women’s experience. . .'
We at IntLawGrrls believe the same to be true for men’s experiences – notwithstanding that, in the United States at least, there is a tendency for American navel-gazing to pass for international dialogue.
If the discourse of international law is to live up to the name of, well, international law, our field must include in the conversation perspectives from every continent, class, ethnic or other group, sexual orientation, and gender.
Our blog will continue to try to expand the field beyond its current confines, taking up the challenge that Hilary Charlesworth (bottom right), Christine Chinkin (upper right), and Shelley Wright put to all of us more than 20 years ago.

We welcome posts from IntLawGrrls contributors and readers on the impact that Feminist Approaches has had on your work.  Please contact us at intlawgrrls@gmail.com if you are interested in contributing to our celebration of this article.

Via IntLawGrrls

View Story

Posted Under :

'Nuff said

(Taking context-optional note of thought-provoking quotes)
'September 2012 marks one year since the Palestinian leadership introduced its bid for membership and recognition at the United Nations. Then, an international community – comprised of UN member states, NGOs, and Palestinians – watched the Palestinian leadership with apprehension and hope, eager that it would use the UN platform to embark on a new chapter of the Palestinian struggle for self-determination. One year onwards, it is clear that this leadership is more committed to preserving its rule in a truncated statelet than achieving national liberation.'
–  Noura Erakat, Abraham L. Freedman Teaching Fellow at Temple University, Beasley School of Law and the U.S.-based Legal Advocacy Consultant for the Badil Resource Center for Palestinian Refugee and Residency Rights, in an editorial entitled "Statehood Bid One Year Later: No State, No Bid, No Freedom," posted on Jadaliyya, the e-zine she co-edits.  As previously posted, Noura's scheduled to present her paper entitled "U.S. v. ICRC – Customary International Humanitarian Law and Universal Jurisdiction" at the ASIL Midyear Meeting to be held in Atlanta and at the University of Georgia School of Law, Athens, from October 19 to 21 (meeting registration here).

Via IntLawGrrls

View Story

Posted Under :

Welcoming Mónica Roa

It's our great pleasure today to welcome Mónica Roa (right) as an IntLawGrrls contributor.
Mónica is Programs Director at Women’s Link Worldwide (prior posts here and here), a not-for-profit human rights organization based in Colombia and Spain that seeks gender justice throughout the world. She views the judiciary as a pivotal branch in democratic society and has worked at Women's Link to foster greater dialogue between civil society and the courts on how to interpret rights from a gender perspective.
In 2006, she successfully argued before the Constitutional Court of Colombia to overturn the country’s restrictive ban on abortion.  Mónica was named "Person of the Year" by leading media outlets in Colombia in 2005 and 2006, and was recognized in 2011 as one of the ten most important leaders in Colombia. She has also faced threats to her life, as recently as this year, for her work on reproductive rights. 
Mónica holds a law degree from the University of the Andes, Bogotá, Colombia.  She earned her Master of Laws (LL.M.) as a Global Public Service Law Scholar from New York University.   Mónica teaches at the Academy on Human Rights and Humanitarian Law at the American University, Washington, D.C. College of Law.  Her publications include: "Bodies on Trial: Sexual and Reproductive Rights in Latin American Courts" (2002) and "Litigating Reproductive Rights at the Inter-American System for Human Rights" (Harvard, 2003).
In honor of International Right to Information Day, in her introductory post below, Mónica discusses a recent, landmark case in the Constitutional Court of Colombia regarding the right to access complete and impartial information from the government.
As have other contributors (prior posts), Mónica has chosen to honor Olympe de Gouges (right) as her international law foremother. (image creditMónica writes of this French feminist who lived from 1748 till she perished beneath the guillotine in 1793:
'My job is to work so that justice is adjudicated with a gendered perspective. I think of her every time that I demand equality and justice for women and some would like to behead me. So far we have come, so far we still have to go.'
Heartfelt welcome!

Via IntLawGrrls

View Story

Posted Under :

Write On! ASIL International organizations session

(Write On! is an occasional item about notable calls for papers)

The International Organizations Interest Group of the American Society of International Law will hold a works-in-progress workshop on Saturday, December 1, 2012, at the Arizona State University Building in Washington, DC.
If you are interested in presenting a paper at the workshop, please submit an abstract to Lorena Perez (lperez@oas.org), Justin Jacinto (jjacinto@curtis.com) and David Gartner (David.Gartner@asu.edu) by the end of the day this Friday, September 21. Abstracts should be a couple of paragraphs long but not more than one page. Papers should relate to the subject "international organizations."
Papers selected for presentation are due no later than November 17, as they will be pre-circulated. Papers should not yet be in print; ideally, authors will have time to make revisions based on the comments from the workshop.
The workshop's format will be as follows. Each paper will be introduced by a commentator, after which the author will have the opportunity to respond if he or she wishes. The floor will then be opened up for discussion. The workshop is conducted on the assumption that everyone has read all of the papers in advance. After the organizers have selected papers, they will ask for volunteers to serve as commentators. One need not present a paper or comment on a paper to participate. Registration for the workshop will open in October.
Please do not hesitate to contact the organizers should you have any questions about the workshop or paper submissions.

Via IntLawGrrls

View Story

Posted Under :